“The Polisario Front is now ready to take up arms again as the international community and the UN mission MINURSO [the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara] have been unable to solve the crisis in 40 years,” Clavarino says. “Sahrawis have been in exile since 1975, when it was annexed by Morocco, and since 1991 MINURSO has been working in Western Sahara to organize a ‘negotiated political solution’ for the independence of this region.”
Clavarino had access to the military bases in Western Sahara, the counterterrorism patrols in the desert, military exercises and parades. He spoke with Polisario Front ministers and army commanders and with activists who fled Morocco and the occupied territories, where there was daily violence against the Sahrawis. Clavarino visited the refugee camps and saw the difficulties of living for 40 years in tents and makeshift houses and relying on humanitarian aid that, with the growth of the terrorist threat in the region in the last three years, has decreased by nearly 70 percent.
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