Algeria foreign affairs chief added that “our region also needs a complete decolonization process in Western Sahara which is the responsibility of the UN in application with the resolutions of the UN General Assembly and Security Council and on the eve of the 40 anniversary of the opinion of the international Court of Justice which supported self-determination as requirement of the solution to be implemented in the benefit of this territory’s people.”
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Western Sahara has been illegally occupied by Morocco for 39 years. The international community seemingly ignores the possibility to find a solution for this problem and by several economic and political sanctions even supports the occupation.
The former Spanish colony, Western Sahara has been occupied by the Moroccans since 1975. After 16 years of bloody war between Morocco and the Sahrawi liberation movement – the Polisario Front – in 1991 a UN-brokered cease-fire promised a referendum in Western Sahara, but the native Sahrawis have still been waiting for a solution. Meanwhile Morocco have been controlling a major part of the country and takes advantage of the natural resources, the Sahrawis are living inhumane conditions in their own land or as refugees in Tindouf, Algeria. Though the International Court of Justice recognized the Sahrawi people as the legitimate owners of Western Sahara, Morocco hasn’t moved its hundreds of thousands of settlers from the territory. The situation seems to be in a deadlock and the international community doesn’t seem keen to put pressure on Morocco, to leave the illegally occupied country.
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Living under occupation in the Western Sahara: Women, resistance and self-determination. Read the report by Georgetown Institute for Women Peace and Security. November 2014.
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Ban Ki-moon calls for resumption of negotiations between Polisario Front and Morocco on Western Sahara
The Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, called Friday for the resumption of negotiations between the Polisario Front and Morocco on Western Sahara and allowing his Personal Envoy and special Representative, respectively: Christopher Ross and Kim Bolduc to perform their duties, reported Spanish news agency EFE.
In a press conference, the spokesperson for the UN Secretary General, Stephane Dujarric said that Ban Ki-moon has always called for the resumption of negotiations on the Western Sahara between the two parties to the conflict – the Polisario Front and Morocco – and allowing his Personal Envoy and his Special Representative, respectively, Christopher Ross and Kim Bolduc to perform their duties.
“The UN hopes to restart the negotiation process and the personal visits of the Secretary General’s Envoy Christopher Ross,” Dujarric said, adding that “the UN will continue to work to try to resolve the conflict”.
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